How to achieve vegetable brassica earliness

It is important to produce a complete crop canopy as soon as possible after planting and then to maintain productive leaf areas for a long period, in order to maximize growth as any early loss in brassica growth and yield potential cannot be redressed.

Nitrogen deficiency limits yield and delays maturity

Effect of nitrogen source on white cabbage earliness

Effect of nitrogen rate on broccoli – earliness vs yield

Nitrogen uptake rate of broccoli vs white cabbage

Fast growing types (e.g. cauliflower and broccoli) require a high nitrogen supply as they have high nitrogen uptake rates and a high nitrogen requirement, particularly during early growth

Slower developing types (e.g. cabbages) – particularly those growing at lower temperatures and lower radiation conditions – take longer to utilise the N needed for high yields

Effect of starter nitrogen on broccoli yield

By ensuring a good supply to the outer leaves, they will develop strongly and support later growth by providing assimilates and also redistributing nitrogen needed for high brassica yields. Failure to get nitrogen into these leaves by using inadequate low rates in early fertiliser applications will result in lower brassica yields. Later applications cannot make up for this.

Potassium is required to ensure brassica earliness

Potassium uptake in broccoli

Potassium plays a crucial role in the energy status of plants. Brassicas have a relatively high potassium requirement, and up to 2.7-5.1 kg of potassium is required per tonne of crop. Uptake follows growth, so it is essential that potassium supply mirrors key growth needs.

Potassium rates of 225 kg/ha and above produce responses on high yielding sites, increasing both plant biomass and resultant head weight and yield.

Potassium yield response in cabbage

Potassium yield response in cauliflower

Potassium yield response in leafy brassicas

Vegetable brassica agronomy and fertiliser advice
Vegetable brassica agronomy and fertiliser advice

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